I’ve already written at length about the pros and cons of a 15-year fixed mortgage, but some financial experts claim you shouldn’t even buy a home if you can’t afford this shorter-term mortgage option.
You know, guys like Dave Ramsey, and perhaps more reasonable folks like that financial planner you visited recently.
The problem is that many, many Americans simply can’t afford the higher payments tied to a 15-year fixed mortgage, for better or worse.
15-Year Mortgage or Bust?
- Some financial gurus argue
- That if you can’t afford the 15-year fixed mortgage payment
- You’re buying too much home
- But this “rule” is simply too rigid for my liking
Let’s talk about the rationale behind this theory first to see why it is often suggested.
With a 15-year fixed mortgage, you own your home in, you guessed it, half the time, just a decade and a half, versus the lengthy three decades it takes to pay off a 30-year fixed-rate mortgage.
That’s the first big benefit, obviously. Another is you save an absolute ton on interest because the amortization period is cut in half (and the interest rate is lower).
So on a $300,000 mortgage, the interest savings are $127,000 over the life of the loan. Yes, you read that right. You can save a staggering amount of money by simply going with a 15-year fixed instead of the more commonplace 30-year fixed.
Aside from saving a boatload of cash, you also own more of your home a lot faster. So if you need/want to move at some point in the near future, you can probably do so with the 15-year mortgage in place. With the 30-year, you might not accrue enough equity to afford a move-up home, or simply another home in a similar price range.
After five years of on-time mortgage payments, our hypothetical $300,000 mortgage balance is only paid down to around $270,000. Meanwhile, during that same span the 15-year fixed is left with a balance of just over $214,000.
A homeowner who maybe wisely opted for the 15-year fixed would have over $85,000 in home equity (not to mention any home price appreciation during that time). That could be plenty for a down payment to move up to a larger home.
The 30-year fixed buyer would only have $30,000 to play with…factor in costs to sell the home and it’s not as awesome as it sounds.
It’s for these reasons that financial gurus will tell borrowers to go 15-year fixed or bust. The argument is essentially that the 30-year fixed mortgage is a bad deal for homeowners and should be avoided at all costs.
So if you can’t afford the higher payments, don’t buy a house because a 30-year mortgage just shouldn’t exist, and as such, you shouldn’t be a homeowner.
There’s a Reason the 30-Year Mortgage Exists
- Home prices vary considerably by region
- In some areas they’re far too expensive for home buyers to pay them off in 15 years
- You can also argue that paying off your mortgage
- Isn’t always the best investment
The problem is that you probably can’t go with the 15-year fixed because in reality it’s unaffordable for most home buyers. You can blame high home prices for that.
Sure, in areas where homes regularly sell for $150,000 it might not be a big deal. The difference in monthly payment could only be a couple hundred bucks. But in areas where homes sell for much, much more, we’re talking a night and day difference.
The monthly mortgage payment on the 15-year fixed from our example above is around $700 higher, even when factoring in a lower mortgage rate (I chose 3% on the 15-year vs. 3.75% on the 30-year).
Many individuals barely qualify for the mortgages they take out, and that’s with the much lower 30-year fixed payment. Adding another $500 or more in monthly outlay probably won’t fly.
Does this mean they shouldn’t own homes? Absolutely not. It just means the bank will own most of your home for a lot longer. And that you won’t be as heavily invested in your property.
While it sounds great on paper to throw everything toward the mortgage, a lot can go wrong when you’re in too deep on one investment.
It Can Backfire
- Imagine a period of declining home prices
- If you pay off your mortgage in 15 years
- You might have all your money locked up in your home
- Whereas the 30-year fixed borrower will have cash for other expenses
- One could argue that a longer-term mortgage enhances diversification
We all saw what happened 5-7 years ago when the housing market collapsed. I’m assuming those who made 15-year fixed mortgage payments weren’t too happy that their property values were sliced in half.
The 30-year fixed mortgage folks probably weren’t thrilled either, but at least they could cut their losses or continue to make smaller payments as they assessed the situation.
Additionally, you can get pretty house poor making massive mortgage payments each month if they’re barely affordable. And you may neglect other, arguably more important investments such as a retirement account or college fund, along with other higher-interest debt.
When it comes down to it, you always have the option to make a larger payment (or extra payments) on a 30-year mortgage. And there are plenty of savvy financial experts that recommend putting your extra cash somewhere other than the mortgage.
That’s not to say a 15-year fixed won’t save you a ton of money, or that it’s perhaps a cool rule of thumb when setting out to buy a home. In a perfect world, it’d be great if we could all afford the 15-year fixed mortgage payment. But that’s just not today’s housing market.
Of course, results will vary based on where in the country you intend to buy.