You’ve heard the news – mortgage rates surpassed 5% and don’t appear to be coming back down anytime soon.
While that’s up for debate, the trend is clearly not your friend when it comes to securing a low interest rate on your home loan.
So what do you do? Put your head in the sand? Panic? No, it’s time to be a little more thoughtful.
Gone are the days of 3% fixed-rate mortgages for all. And as such, you’ve got to approach things differently.
Now more than ever, it’s crucial that you get all the details right when applying for a mortgage to ensure you receive the lowest rate available.
Here are 10 tips to accomplish that scary mission. Yes, it’s going to take some work, but if you’re diligent, you can still get what you want.
I’ve said it once and I’ll say it again, and again after that. You have to take the time to compare rates and lenders if you want to secure the lowest interest rate on your mortgage.
There are studies that prove this – it’s not just boilerplate advice.
A recent study from Freddie Mac revealed that getting just two quotes as opposed to one could save you thousands.
And it actually gets even better the more you shop. Sure, it’s no fun, but neither is paying a sky-high mortgage payment.
Don’t complain about the higher rates if you haven’t put in the time to shop.
2. Improve Your Credit
Also a cliché in the mortgage industry, but a very real and important tip. It’s no secret that those with higher credit scores gain access to lower interest rates.
So if you’re not doing your absolute best credit score-wise, you’re doing yourself a disservice. Take the time to work on your credit if it’s not where it should be.
Generally, a 760+ FICO score is sufficient to obtain the lowest mortgage rates possible, at least when it comes to your credit score.
Aim for a score of at least 760 if you want to save money on your mortgage, period.
3. Come in with a Larger Down Payment
While perhaps not as easy as maintaining excellent credit history, a larger down payment can result in a lower mortgage rate, which will save you money each month for a long, long time.
Not everyone has extra money lying around to do this, but if you do, or you can save more before buying, it can work to your benefit when it comes time to apply for a mortgage.
Those who are able to put down 20% or more can obtain lower interest rates and avoid mortgage insurance at the same time.
It’s actually a triple bonus because you avoid pricing adjustments, PMI, and wind up with a lower loan amount.
4. Pay Some Points
While somewhat counterintuitive, if you pay now you can save later on your mortgage. What I mean by that is agreeing to pay discount points at closing.
They’re basically a form of prepaid interest that will lower your interest rate for the life of your loan.
For example, if the 30-year fixed is pricing at 5.125%, but you can pay 1% of the loan amount today for a rate of 4.875%, it could save you a lot more money over the duration of the loan term.
Just be sure it makes sense financially, and that you plan to stay in the home/mortgage long enough to recoup the upfront cost.
5. Consider All Loan Programs
Yes, the 30-year fixed is in the 5% range now. But no, it’s not the only loan program available to home buyers and those looking to refinance an existing mortgage.
There are lots of different home loan types out there, many with lower interest rates than the 30-year fixed.
For example, the 15-year fixed prices closer to 4%, and adjustable-rate mortgages like the 5/1 and 7/1 ARM are also significantly cheaper. They also provide a fixed rate for several years before you have to fret about a rate adjustment.
Consider an ARM if you want to save money, especially if you don’t plan on staying in the property for a long period of time.
6. Negotiate Harder
You can negotiate mortgage rates and fees. Maybe not all banks and lenders allow you to do this, but many do.
If you don’t bother attempting to negotiate, you’ll never know what’s possible. If the lender says they can’t budge, move on to one that will.
Never accept the first price you’re shown, like anything else in this world.
It doesn’t hurt to ask, especially when it comes to a mortgage. After all, you could be saving money every month for the next 30 years.
7. Lower Your Max Purchase Price
If you want to save money, you might have to make some concessions. That could mean lowering your max purchase price if you’re in the market to buy a home.
While there’s no clear correlation between home prices and mortgage rates, a higher home price will obviously drive up your monthly housing payment.
Either lower your max bid or negotiate more with the seller, or do both. If you can secure a lower purchase price, you’ll need less mortgage. That lower loan amount will save you money.
8. Consider a Second Mortgage
Back in the early 2000s, it was common to take out a first and second mortgage concurrently, with the latter known as a piggyback mortgage.
The purpose was to keep the first mortgage at a loan-to-value (LTV) of 80%, thereby avoiding PMI. This method could also be employed to stay at/below the conforming loan limit.
If your down payment is limited, it could make sense to tack on a second mortgage to save some dough.
The blended rate between first and second mortgage sans PMI and higher pricing adjustments could be just the ticket to savings.
9. Pay It Back Faster
I dedicated a whole article to this one recently. If rates are high, it makes sense to pay back the mortgage faster.
It’s simple really – the faster you pay, the less interest you pay.
You basically want to pay back a low-rate mortgage as slowly as possible, and a high-rate mortgage as quickly as possible, assuming there aren’t better places for your money.
So if you get stuck with a pesky 5% mortgage rate, which is actually pretty decent historically, you can make extra payments each month to lessen the blow.
You could actually pay enough to offset the higher rate and effectively turn it into a 4% mortgage rate.
10. Let It Ride
Lastly, you could wait things out and/or float your mortgage rate if you’ve already applied. You don’t have to accept today’s rates if you’re not entirely happy with them.
Sure, most folks expect mortgage rates to move even higher in the near term, but as I’ve said a few times in the past, major rate movements are often met with pullbacks.
Typically when new highs are being tested, there are periods of relief along the way. They may not last very long, but it is possible to experience dips and opportunities.
Of course, this can be a risky game to play. But if we’re talking about a refinance, which is entirely optional, you can bide your time and only strike when the timing is right.
Bonus: Apply at the End of the Year
After some research, I discovered that mortgage rates tend to be lowest in fall, especially in the month of December.
So you might be able to shave an .125% or .25% off your mortgage rate if you apply in the later months of the year. This isn’t always true, but it’s something to consider.