As expected, the FHA has begun relying on government appropriations to operate, the first time in its 75-year history.
Of course, the $800 million in requested funds from Congress will only go towards its reverse mortgage program, which HUD Secretary Shaun Donovan called “very sensitive to the projected path of long term house price appreciation.”
In other words, when you insure a reverse mortgage at a certain home price, say $250,000 at time of loan origination, and the value subsequently drops to $200,000, the FHA loses big.
Their capital ratio has dipped to just three percent, down from six percent the previous year, barely clear of the Congressionally-mandated two percent bench mark.
“FHA volume has grown consistently,” said Donovan in prepared remarks. “As recently as 2007, FHA volume for its flagship mortgage insurance program was $60 billion. By 2008, the volume had grown to $181 billion.”
“For FY 2009, we are expecting $290 billion in forwards. For our FY 2010 budget, we are asking Congress for the authority to endorse an even higher volume – up to $400 billion in authorization for FHA insurance.”
I guess you can call it consistent, it’s always rising, but I don’t know if that type of growth is anywhere close to healthy.
“FHA’s market share – which was at just 1.9% in the fourth quarter of 2006 and reached 23.7% in the fourth quarter of 2008 – means that we must continue to ensure that FHA can play its critically important countercyclical role, serving as a backstop to the private mortgage market,” he said.
Interestingly, if it hadn’t been for the extinguishment of seller funded downpayment assistance loans, the FHA would have needed appropriations of $2.5 billion to operate.
Instead, the FHA is projected to return over $1.7 billion to taxpayers in 2010.
“Seller funded downpayment assistance loans accounted for 14 percent of all FHA loans outstanding, but generated 31 percent of all FHA foreclosures and 31 percent of all losses on foreclosed-properties,” he noted.
Thank goodness they got rid of those loans.