We’ve all heard about the super-low mortgage rates, but how do you actually get your hands on them?
When it’s all said and done, it never seems to be as low as the bank originally claimed, which can be pretty disappointing or even problematic for your loan closing.
There are a number of ways to find the best mortgage rates, but all require a little bit of legwork on your behalf.
The key to all the methods is shopping around, since you can’t really determine if a mortgage rate is any good without comparing it to others.
Many prospective and existing homeowners simply gather one quote, typically from a real estate agent’s reference, and then kick themselves later for not seeing what else is out there.
Advertised Mortgage Rates Are Best Case Scenario
One important thing to note is that the mortgage rates you see advertised are best case scenario, not necessarily the average interest rate being extended to borrowers.
These types of loans can be closed virtually anywhere, so banks will be eager to offer a super low mortgage rate.
Conversely, if you’ve got poor or marginal credit, a 3-unit investor-owned condo with little down, you’re going to have a hard time obtaining a low mortgage rate, let alone a mortgage.
If your credit score is 740 and above, you’re pretty much in the clear in that department; if it’s below 700, you may want to pay off some high credit card balances or look into fixing any errors before applying.
Without question, credit score can move your mortgage rate significantly, and it’s one of the few things you can actually control, so keep a close eye on it.
Documentation type can also push your interest rate higher, that is, if you fail to provide much of it.
While stated income loans may make life easier, going full doc will afford you the lowest rate, so do your best to provide income and asset documentation if possible.
Another factor where you have some semblance of control is down payment; generally, the more you put down, the lower the mortgage rate, as pricing improves at certain thresholds like 65 percent loan-to-value, 70 percent loan-to-value, and so on (see mortgage adjustments).
If you can put more down, you’ll typically get a lower interest rate or more financing options, though this doesn’t mean it’s necessarily the best option for you.
Things like property type and occupancy can bump your mortgage rate higher as well, but obviously you don’t have much control over these if you already own the property.
Of course, if you’re still shopping, understand that condos are more difficult and expensive to finance in many situations, as are multi-unit and investor-owned properties.
Along those same lines, the reason for obtaining a mortgage will affect your given rate; if it’s a purchase or rate and term refinance you should qualify for the lowest rate, but a cash-out refinance will generally carry adjustments that push the rate higher.
Additionally, many of the advertised rates require that you pay mortgage points, meaning you have to come out-of-pocket to actually snag the rate.
So now that we know mortgage rates aren’t really as low as they claim in the real world, let’s look at some practical ways to get closer to those magical rates you see advertised.
Try a Mortgage Broker
Sure they’ve taken a lot of flak lately, but if you work with a mortgage broker, you can have them shop your loan scenario with a large number of banks and lenders to find the best rate.
This means you get your own personal mortgage rate comparison shopper to help you out with your search, instead of having to call each bank up one by one. Brokers do the work for you, so you don’t need to shop yourself.
They also have access to wholesale mortgage rates, which could be priced below retail rates, so you might end up with a better deal.
Just make sure you find a reputable broker to work with since the industry is somewhat unregulated, meaning accountability and trust may be a concern.
Comparison Shop Online (and Offline)
If you want the best mortgage rate, shop around. I can’t stress (or say) this enough!
Get quotes from mortgage lenders online and inquire about rates with your local bank(s) and/or credit unions.
Just be prepared to get bombarded with phone calls and e-mails from interested parties looking to sell you the best rate.
They’ll probably lay off after a few days (or weeks), but the more you shop, and the more you tell others about yourself and your loan, the more you can expect to be contacted, sometimes relentlessly.
Of course, if it saves you thousands of dollars on your mortgage, the short-term pestering could be well worth it.
Zillow’s Mortgage Marketplace
Assuming you still want to shop around after those words of warning, consider using Zillow’s Mortgage Marketplace, which allows you to shop for mortgage rates anonymously.
You simply fill out a rate request form and the lenders pitch their offers to you. This is ideal because once your information is out there, it’s out there…in other words, your phone may never stop ringing. And your e-mail inbox might reach capacity.
Okay, I’m semi-joking, but still, it’s nice to divulge as little as possible about yourself until you’re ready to work with someone.
Just watch out for bait-and-switchers once you’ve made contact. It’s more common than you might think.
Make Sure You Negotiate Your Mortgage Rate
Either way, make sure you understand that you can negotiate during the process. Don’t be afraid to ask for a lower rate if you think you can do better; there’s always room to negotiate.
Remember, the more you know about your mortgage, the better off you’ll be when making your argument for a reduced rate.
If you know your loan is low-risk, based on the criteria explained above, you’ll have a better idea as to where your mortgage rate should be and can argue accordingly.
One final note: don’t forget the fees…your mortgage rate may be low, but it could come at a cost.
The quality of the loan provider is also very important, especially if it’s a purchase-money mortgage.
You can probably take more chances with a refinance, but if it’s a purchase, you’ll want to ensure you’re working with someone who can close your loan in a timely manner. Otherwise a seemingly good deal could turn bad instantly.
If the lender lists the mortgage rate along with the APR (which includes certain fees), find out exactly what fees are included in the calculation and which are not. All are relevant and can greatly impact the true cost of your deal!
Read more: What mortgage rate can I expect?